Weight Management

Worried about being overweight or obese?

Body mass index (BMI), which is a ratio of weight over height expressed as kg/m2, is a quick and crude way of defining being overweight and or obese.

Easy way to calculate BMI

This simplistic calculation assumes that higher BMI correlates with excess fat.

Complications of being overweight/obese are myriad including

  • Metabolic consequences like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and gout
  • Mechanical consequences like osteoarthritis and obstructive sleep apnea
  • Higher cardiovascular and cancer risk
  • Higher mortality

Detailed assessment and evaluation has to be performed to exclude contributors to excess weight and fat gain including hormonal causes like hypothyroidism.

Management of being overweight/obese includes

  • Treating specific contributors or causes of obesity
  • Healthy eating habits and physical activity
  • Judicious use of pharmacotherapy/drugs
  • Bariatric surgery/metabolic surgery in selected individuals





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